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Cobbler03-部署ubuntu系统

cplinux98
2022-11-10 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 30 阅读 / 1,388 字 / 正在检测是否收录...

00:文章简介

关于Cobbler安装Ubuntu的记录。

01:加载系统镜像

通过XFTP将系统镜像上传到cobbler服务器的/tmp目录下
挂载镜像到/mnt目录

~]# mount -t iso9660 -o loop /tmp/ubuntu-18.04-server-amd64.iso(镜像全名) /mnt

在web端加载镜像并添加KS脚本文件

02:添加镜像

03:编辑ks文件

04:对应ks文件和镜像关系


05:同步设置

06:ks文件模板

!> 最新版本ubuntu采用yaml格式应答文件,请参考下面的链接

https://ubuntu.com/server/docs/install/autoinstall-reference
# Mostly based on the Ubuntu installation guide
# https://help.ubuntu.com/16.04/installation-guide/
# Debian sample
# https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/example-preseed.txt
## Part 1. Localization
# Preseeding only locale sets language, country and locale.
d-i debian-installer/locale string en_US
# Keyboard selection.
# Disable automatic (interactive) keymap detection.
d-i console-setup/ask_detect boolean false
d-i keyboard-configuration/toggle select No toggling
d-i keyboard-configuration/layoutcode string us
d-i keyboard-configuration/variantcode string
 
## Part 2. Network configuration
# netcfg will choose an interface that has link if possible. This makes it
# skip displaying a list if there is more than one interface.
#set $myhostname = $getVar('hostname',$getVar('name','cobbler')).replace("_","-")
d-i netcfg/choose_interface select auto
d-i netcfg/get_hostname string $myhostname
# If non-free firmware is needed for the network or other hardware, you can
# configure the installer to always try to load it, without prompting. Or
# change to false to disable asking.
# d-i hw-detect/load_firmware boolean true
## Part 3 NTP/Time
# NTP/Time Setup
d-i time/zone string Asia/Shanghai
d-i clock-setup/utc boolean true
d-i clock-setup/ntp boolean true
d-i clock-setup/ntp-server  string ntp1.aliyun.com
 
## Part 4. Mirror settings
# Setup the installation source
d-i mirror/country string manual
d-i mirror/http/hostname string $http_server
d-i mirror/http/directory string $install_source_directory
d-i mirror/http/proxy string
#set $os_v = $getVar('os_version','')
#if $breed == "ubuntu" and $os_v and ($os_v.lower()[0] > 'p' or $os_v.lower()[0] < 'd')
# Required at least for ubuntu 12.10+ , so test os_v is higher than precise and lower than drapper
d-i live-installer/net-image string http://$http_server/cobbler/links/$distro_name/install/filesystem.squashfs
#end if
# Suite to install.
# d-i mirror/suite string precise
# d-i mirror/udeb/suite string precise
# Components to use for loading installer components (optional).
#d-i mirror/udeb/components multiselect main, restricted
## Part 4. Partitioning
# Disk Partitioning
# Use LVM, and wipe out anything that already exists
d-i partman/choose_partition select finish
d-i partman/confirm boolean true
d-i partman/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
d-i partman-auto/method string lvm
d-i partman-lvm/device_remove_lvm boolean true
d-i partman-lvm/confirm boolean true
d-i partman-lvm/confirm_nooverwrite boolean true
d-i partman-md/device_remove_md boolean true
d-i partman-partitioning/confirm_write_new_label boolean true
# You can choose one of the three predefined partitioning recipes:
# - atomic: all files in one partition
# - home:   separate /home partition
# - multi:  separate /home, /usr, /var, and /tmp partitions
d-i partman-auto/choose_recipe select atomic
# If you just want to change the default filesystem from ext3 to something
# else, you can do that without providing a full recipe.
# d-i partman/default_filesystem string ext4
## Part 5. Account setup
# root account and password
d-i passwd/root-login boolean true
d-i passwd/root-password-crypted password $default_password_crypted
# skip creation of a normal user account.
d-i passwd/make-user boolean true
d-i passwd/user-fullname  string anjia
d-i passwd/username       string anjia
d-i passwd/user-password-crypted password $default_password_crypted
 
## Part 6. Apt setup
# You can choose to install restricted and universe software, or to install
# software from the backports repository.
# d-i apt-setup/restricted boolean true
# d-i apt-setup/universe boolean true
# d-i apt-setup/backports boolean true
# Uncomment this if you don't want to use a network mirror.
# d-i apt-setup/use_mirror boolean true
# Select which update services to use; define the mirrors to be used.
# Values shown below are the normal defaults.
# d-i apt-setup/services-select multiselect security
# d-i apt-setup/security_host string mirrors.aliyun.com
# d-i apt-setup/security_path string /ubuntu
 
$SNIPPET('preseed_apt_repo_config')
 
# Enable deb-src lines
# d-i apt-setup/local0/source boolean true
# URL to the public key of the local repository; you must provide a key or
# apt will complain about the unauthenticated repository and so the
# sources.list line will be left commented out
# d-i apt-setup/local0/key string http://local.server/key
# By default the installer requires that repositories be authenticated
# using a known gpg key. This setting can be used to disable that
# authentication. Warning: Insecure, not recommended.
# d-i debian-installer/allow_unauthenticated boolean true
## Part 7. Package selection
# Default for minimal
tasksel tasksel/first multiselect standard
# Default for server
# tasksel tasksel/first multiselect standard, web-server
# Default for gnome-desktop
# tasksel tasksel/first multiselect standard, gnome-desktop
# Individual additional packages to install
# wget is REQUIRED otherwise quite a few things won't work
# later in the build (like late-command scripts)
d-i pkgsel/include string ntp ssh wget
# Debian needs this for the installer to avoid any question for grub
# Please verify that it suit your needs as it may overwrite any usb stick
#if $breed == "debian"
d-i grub-installer/grub2_instead_of_grub_legacy boolean true
d-i grub-installer/bootdev string default
#end if
# Use the following option to add additional boot parameters for the
# installed system (if supported by the bootloader installer).
# Note: options passed to the installer will be added automatically.
d-i debian-installer/add-kernel-opts string $kernel_options_post
# Avoid that last message about the install being complete.
d-i finish-install/reboot_in_progress note
## Figure out if we're kickstarting a system or a profile
#if $getVar('system_name','') != ''
#set $what = "system"
#else
#set $what = "profile"
#end if
# This first command is run as early as possible, just after preseeding is read.
# d-i preseed/early_command string [command]
d-i preseed/early_command string wget -O- \
   http://$http_server/cblr/svc/op/script/$what/$name/?script=preseed_early_default | \
   /bin/sh -s
# This command is run immediately before the partitioner starts. It may be
# useful to apply dynamic partitioner preseeding that depends on the state
# of the disks (which may not be visible when preseed/early_command runs).
# d-i partman/early_command \
#       string debconf-set partman-auto/disk "\$(list-devices disk | head -n1)"
 
# This command is run just before the install finishes, but when there is
# still a usable /target directory. You can chroot to /target and use it
# directly, or use the apt-install and in-target commands to easily install
# packages and run commands in the target system.
# d-i preseed/late_command string [command]
d-i preseed/late_command string wget -O- \
   http://$http_server/cblr/svc/op/script/$what/$name/?script=preseed_late_default | \
   chroot /target /bin/sh -s

07:部署系统

新建一个虚拟机【ubuntu x64 ; 2C 2G;桥接直连物理网络模式】
开机后就可以看见cobbler的部署界面,选择镜像后就可以进行安装了

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