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Kubeadm管理k8s集群系列06-部署高可用的Master节点

cplinux98
2022-09-06 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 62 阅读 / 656 字 / 正在检测是否收录...

00:文章简介

介绍如何使用kubeadm部署高可用的Master节点。续接上篇文章。

06-使用yaml配置文件初始化集群

上面我们使用的是命令初始化,当我们需要对集群进行定制,且想要保留定制信息,方便后续查看,那么就需要使用yaml格式来初始化了。

01:创建yaml配置文件

cd /root/mykube/init
kubeadm config print init-defaults > kube-init-v1221.yaml

然后对生成的yaml文件进行定制化修改

apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3
bootstrapTokens:
- groups:
  - system:bootstrappers:kubeadm:default-node-token
  token: abcdef.0123456789abcdef
  ttl: 48h0m0s  # token时长
  usages:
  - signing
  - authentication
kind: InitConfiguration
localAPIEndpoint:
  advertiseAddress: 172.20.200.201  # 指定当前节点的ip地址
  bindPort: 6443
nodeRegistration:
  criSocket: /var/run/dockershim.sock
  imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
  name: kubeadm-master01  # 指定当前节点的主机名
  taints:  # 给master添加一个"污点"
    - effect: NoSchedule
      key: node-role.kubernetes.io/master
---
apiServer:
  timeoutForControlPlane: 4m0s
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3
certificatesDir: /etc/kubernetes/pki
clusterName: kubernetes
controllerManager: {}
controlPlaneEndpoint: 172.20.200.200:6443  # 指定反代的地址
dns: {}
etcd:
  local:
    dataDir: /var/lib/etcd
imageRepository: harbor.linux98.com/google_containers  # 镜像获取地址
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: 1.22.1  # 集群版本
networking:  # 网络信息
  dnsDomain: cluster.local
  podSubnet: 10.244.0.0/16     # flannel的默认PodNet网段
  serviceSubnet: 10.96.0.0/12  # service子网信息
scheduler: {}

02:重置节点

这里需要将之前做好的所有节点进行重置,再将ha01中的代理主机master02 03注释,让200.200只指向200.201

kubeadm reset

清空kubernetes相关环境

rm -rf ~/.kube/
rm -rf /etc/kubernetes/
rm -rf /etc/cni/
ifconfig
ifconfig flannel.1 down
ifconfig cni0 down
ip link delete cni0
ip link delete flannel.1

ha01

listen k8s-api-6443
        bind 172.20.200.200:6443
        mode tcp
        server master1 172.20.200.201:6443 check inter 3s fall 3 rise 5
#        server master2 172.20.200.202:6443 check inter 3s fall 3 rise 5
#        server master3 172.20.200.203:6443 check inter 3s fall 3 rise 5
systemctl restart haproxy

03:初始化节点

kubeadm init --config kube-init-v1221.yaml

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然后按照之前的步骤,重新配置schedluer和flannel

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04:其他master节点加入

# kubeadm init phase upload-certs --upload-certs
d0c8f25780bf7fdfabd99cd3c3321480c01340397d76faec07e637c6ff400f81
  kubeadm join 172.20.200.200:6443 --token abcdef.0123456789abcdef \
        --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:e25e7cc49692642c7f672785ebf9ac76ab8d3fd8ad3e3ac586e5a6d395b20af9 \
        --control-plane --certificate-key d0c8f25780bf7fdfabd99cd3c3321480c01340397d76faec07e637c6ff400f81

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master02 03授权当前用户

        mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
        sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
        sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

释放haproxy中的master02 03

ha01

listen k8s-api-6443
        bind 172.20.200.200:6443
        mode tcp
        server master1 172.20.200.201:6443 check inter 3s fall 3 rise 5
        server master2 172.20.200.202:6443 check inter 3s fall 3 rise 5
        server master3 172.20.200.203:6443 check inter 3s fall 3 rise 5
systemctl restart haproxy

05:其他node节点加入

# kubeadm token create --print-join-command
kubeadm join 172.20.200.200:6443 --token 18xyt1.cy19ybc7tys6z2xu --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:e25e7cc49692642c7f672785ebf9ac76ab8d3fd8ad3e3ac586e5a6d395b20af9 

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